Let us begin by saying what does not cause our dreams. Our dreams do not come from “another world”. They are not messages from outside source. They are not a look into the future, either. All our dreams have something to do with our feelings, fears, longings, wishes, needs and memories. But something on the “outside” may affect what we dream. if a person is hungry, or tired or cold, his dreams may include a feeling of this kind. If the covers on your body, such as a quilt or a blanket, have slipped off your bed, you may dream that you are sleeping or resting on the ice or snow. The material for the dream you will have tonight is likely to come from the experience you have today.
So the subject of your dream usually comes from something that has effects on you while you are sleeping (feeling of cold, a noise, a discomfort, etc.) and it may also use your past experiences and the wishes and interests you have now. This is why children are likely to dream of fairies, older children of school examinations, hungry people of food, home-sick soldiers of their families and prisoners of freedom.
To show you how this is happening while you are asleep and how your needs and wishes can all be joined together in a dream, here is the story of an experiment. A man was asleep and the back of his hand was rubbed with a piece of absorbed cotton. He would dream he was in hospital and his charming girlfriend was visiting him, sitting on the bed and feeling his hands gently!
There are some scientists who have made a special study of why we dream, what we dream and what those dreams mean. Their explanations of dreams, though a bit reasonable, are not accepted by everyone, but they offer an interesting approach to the problem. They believe that dreams are mostly expressions of wishes that do not come true. In other words, a dream is a way of having your wishes carried out.
1.What do we learn from the first paragraph?
A.One can predict what may happen in the future through dreams.
B.When you feel cold, you may have a dream that you are staying in freezing surroundings.
C.When you feel very tired, you may fall asleep quickly without having any dreams at all.
D.Our dreams can be related to anything but past experiences.
2.Why are very young children likely to dream of fairies?
A.They feel uncomfortable while they are sleeping.
B.They have seen such fairies in their dreams before.
C.They have a very strong desire to see such fairies.
D.Such fairies may bring them good luck in their examinations.
3.What influenced the man’s dream according to the experiment described in this passage?
A.Both outside and inside factors.
B.His fear of an operation.
C.His eagerness to see his girlfriend.
D.The hospital in which he was treated.
4.The explanation of dreams that some scientists give ____________.
A.is considered interesting, but meaningless
B.gives a good answer to the question why we dream
C.has some value, though not fully convincing
D.has been proved by the findings of their studies