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江西赣州一中2017-2018学年高一下学期期末考试英语试卷

  • 江西
  • 2018-07-13
  • 高一年级
  • 期末考试
  • 26次

收藏 纠错 题号:8686702 题型:阅读理解 日期:2018-07-13 试题难度:较易 组卷:2次

来源:江西赣州一中2017-2018学年高一下学期期末考试英语试卷

   It’s a white Christmas in theUnited Statestoday, with snow falling from Seattle to Maine.
    • Northeast
    Biting winds with snow swept the Northeast.
    Earlier, up to 15 inches of snow fell during a snow storm in Maine, while up to one foot fell in New Hampshire. Winds reached 76 mph on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, while up to 61 mph winds tore through Long Island, New York. Falling snow collected on the runways at Boston’s Logan International Airport, causing temporary flight delays.
    The wind was so severe in Pennsylvania and New Jersey that the annual (重演) of George Washington and his soldiers’crossing the Delaware River was canceled, the Washington Crossing Historic Park told ABC News.
    • Midwest
     Heavy lake effect snow fell in western Michigan.
    The National Weather Service has issued a wind-chill warning and advisory (公告) from Montana to Michigan. Bitter cold air in the Midwest produced wind chills Monday morning as low as minus 48 degrees in North Dakota and minus 47 in northern Minnesota.
     As this bitter cold made its way east overnight, it was expected to move over relatively mild Great Lakes, producing intense lake-effect snow bands capable of producing 2 to 4 inches of snow in an hour.
    • West Coast
     That storm system moved overnight through the Rockies, bringing more snow and the threat of avalanches(雪崩). The National Weather Service has issued an avalanche warning for the Wasatch Range Mountains outside Salt Lake City.
1.Why was the annual reenactment of George Washington and his soldiers’ crossing the Delaware River canceled?
A.Because the river was frozen.
B.Because the wind was too strong.
C.Because the snow was too thick.
D.Because the temperature was too low.
2.Which of the following is the bad weather that has set in according to the passage?
A.The avalanches.
B.A white Christmas.
C.A mess of people’s life.
D.Heavy snow, biting wind and chills.
3.What is the style of the passage?
A.Weather report.
B.News about the effect of bad weather.
C.News about bad weather.
D.A bad-weather warning and advisory.

收藏 纠错 题号:6575142 题型:阅读理解 日期:2018-07-13 试题难度:中等 组卷:135次 引用:4次

来源:江西赣州一中2017-2018学年高一下学期期末考试英语试卷

    Four days after Dad’s 67th birthday, he had a heart attack. Luckily, he survived. But something inside him had died. His enthusiasm for life was gone. He refused to follow doctor’s orders, and his sour attitude made everyone upset when they visit him. Dad was left alone.
    So I asked Dad to come to live with me on my small farm, hoping the fresh air would help him adjust. Within a week after he moved in, I regretted the invitation. He criticized everything I did. I became frustrated. Something had to be done.
    One day I read an article which said when given dogs, depressed patients would be better off. So I drove to the animal shelter that afternoon. As soon as I got there, a pointer’s eyes caught my attention. They watched me calmly.
    A staff member said: “He got here two weeks ago and we’ve heard nothing. His time is up tomorrow.”
    I turned to the man in horror. “You mean you’re going to kill him?”
    “Ma’am,” he said gently. “We don’t have room for every unclaimed dog.”
    The staff member’s calm brown eyes awaited my decision. “I’ll take him,” I said.
    I drove home with the dog on the front seat beside me. I was helping it out of the car when Dad walked onto the front porch. “Look what I got you!” I said excitedly.
    Dad wrinkled his face. “I don’t want it,” he muttered, turning back towards the house. Then, suddenly, the dog pulled free from my grasp. He sat down in front of my Dad.
    Dad’s anger melted, and soon he was hugging the dog.
    This was the beginning of a warm friendship. Dad named the dog Cheyenne. Together they spent long hours walking down dusty lanes and relaxing on the banks of streams.
    Dad’s bitterness faded, and he and Cheyenne went on to make many friends. Then, late one night two years later, I felt Cheyenne’s cold nose burrowing(搜寻) through my bed covers. He had never before come into my bedroom at night. I ran into my father’s room and found that he had passed away.
    Two days later, my shock and grief deepened when I discovered Cheyenne lying dead beside Dad’s bed. As I buried him near their favorite stream, I silently thanked the dog for restoring Dad’s peace of mind.
1.After the author’s father survived the heart attack, he______ .
A.no longer wanted to live
B.was left alone to get full rest
C.ignored everyone who visited him
D.became unpleasant toward other people
2.Why did the author take the pointer home?
A.It was a type that is known for its friendliness.
B.Its eyes made her think it was the best dog available.
C.It caught her attention right away and she didn’t want it to be killed.
D.It was good at getting people’s attention and entertaining them.
3.From the last two paragraphs we can conclude that________.
A.more attention should be given to old people
B.dogs are so loyal that they usually die for their friends
C.the author’s father and Cheyenne formed a real connection
D.friendship and care is much more efficient than the medicine
4.Which section of a newspaper is the source of the passage?
A.Health.
B.Entertainment.
C.Education.
D.Friends.

收藏 纠错 题号:8645059 题型:阅读理解 日期:2018-07-13 试题难度:中等 组卷:24次 引用:3次

来源:江西赣州一中2017-2018学年高一下学期期末考试英语试卷

    There are many different voices on charity donations recently. Chen TianQiao, one of the Chinese billionaires, gave away $115 million to the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) to help promote brain research. Chen has been interested in the brain research, believing it can advance the industries of artificial intelligence and virtual reality. However, this huge donation has caused heated discussions among Chinese scholars and internet users.
    Many criticized him for giving money to a foreign university rather than domestic institutes for brain research, which are developing fast and are catching up with the US in just a few years. RaoYi, a biologist at Peking University, even said the donation was a typical mistake.
Others, however, support his choice. They believe Caltech is a more reasonable choice compared with Chinese research Institutes. Caltech has a long history and has taken a leading position in biology, and therefore it produces more efficient results. What’s more, the results of the research will benefit not only the Americans, but also the rest of the world.
    A similar controversial (有争议的) case started two years ago when Pan ShiYi, chairman of SOHO China, donated $15 million to Harvard University to help disadvantaged Chinese Students.
    Many believe that China is still far behind in management and use of donated money, and that as a result, Chinese donators are looking abroad. In comparison, Western countries like the US, which have a long history of donating money, have well-developed systems that use money efficiently. They can also provide full access for donors who want to track the use of the money. To get more donations, Chinese universities should be braver and more honest. They need self-reflection rather than envy.
1.Why did Chen’s huge donations draw people’s attention?
A.It was used for brain research rather than for the poor.
B.It was not used efficiently.
C.It was the largest donation.
D.It should have been donated to a Chinese college.
2.Which of the followings can best replace the underlined word “domestic” in the second paragraph?
A.home.
B.family.
C.household.
D.homepage
3.The example of Pan Shi Yi was used to ________.
A.inform some Chinese students are poor at education
B.show off the generosity of Chinese billionaires
C.present the widespread disagreement over donating abroad
D.prove the Chinese are crazy about donations
4.What is the main advice does the author give to the Chinese universities?
A.Developing artificial intelligence.
B.Educating the braver and more honest graduates.
C.Developing fast to catch up with the US.
D.Developing systems to use the donations efficiently.

收藏 纠错 题号:8600263 题型:阅读理解 日期:2018-07-13 试题难度:中等 组卷:5次 引用:2次

来源:江西赣州一中2017-2018学年高一下学期期末考试英语试卷

    The Australian beach town of Byron Bay has a traffic problem, especially during holidays, when local streets are full of cars. But now it’s changed. The world’s first fully solar-powered train runs on a restored(修复)train line that was out of use for more than a decade.
    The solar systems on the roof of the train send power to a set of batteries that replace one engine; the other engine is still in place and can provide backup power in an emergency. As the train brakes, it generates more electricity, like a hybrid car. At a train station, the train can be plugged in to pull more power from solar systems on the platform roof. If there’s a long period without sun---somewhat unlikely in this part of the world---the train can also plug in to get renewable energy from the local electricity supply.
    “The large solar systems on the platform roof coupled with the solar systems on the train roof produce more solar energy per day than is required to operate an hourly return service,” says Holmes, development director of the nonprofit Byron Bay Railroad company, which runs the train. With one full charge, the train can make 12 to 15 trips.
    Volunteers fully restored the train to its old condition to attract more riders, which should take more cars off city streets of the beach town. The train fits 100 seated passengers, with room for more to stand, and also has a luggage room for bikes and surfboards. A ride costs a little more than $2.
    The nonprofits thinks it’s a model that could be replicated (复制)elsewhere. “Our service has had no government support or funding at all, but for this to be replicated or improved upon, the key is for government to work with enterprises on the program.” Holmes says. “Our service provides an example of how the sun’s energy can be used for sustainable transport solutions.”
1.Why is the solar train brought into use in Byron Bay?
A.To attract visitors
B.To reduce traffic
C.To fight pollution
D.To use solar energy
2.Where does the train get energy on sunless days?
A.From its engines
B.From a hybrid car
C.From the platform roof
D.From the local electricity supply
3.How does Holmes feel about solar energy equipment?
A.It is labor-saving
B.It is easily operated
C.It is time-consuming
D.It is power guaranteed
4.What can be inferred about the solar-powered train from the last paragraph?
A.It may be popularized in the future
B.More scientific research should be done about it
C.It could be of little use in solving energy problems.
D.Financial support from the government is badly needed

收藏 纠错 题号:8617131 题型:七选五 日期:2018-07-13 试题难度:中等 组卷:27次 引用:4次

来源:江西赣州一中2017-2018学年高一下学期期末考试英语试卷

 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
How to Make Friends
    ① Indeed, there are many things in life which we alone cannot perform. 
    We need friends’ help. Friends are people who willingly and readily help us when we are in trouble, and show sympathy for us when we are in misery.   
    ② For example, when we have passed the graduation examination and are looking for a job, we need experienced and reliable friends to guide us and help us on our way. A good friend is also an adviser, because our own points of view towards things may not be always right.  ③
    Of course, we can make friends everywhere. However, I think the best place is school, where we are among a big number of boys and girls our own age, so it is easy to get to know one another in a short time. ④      
    In order to make friends, we ourselves must be honest, noble-minded and kind-hearted whereby to leave a favorable impression on others since other people observe us the same way as we do.    
    At the same time, we should avoid bad friends, because they always do harm to us and moreover, they are dangerous to the people around. Worse still, they destroy our friendship with good friends. ⑤ 
A. Indeed, seeking acquaintance with bad friends would be a serious mistake
B. A faithful friend is hard to find.
C. Therefore, it is necessary for us to seek advice from friends.
D. A friend in need is a friend indeed.
E. Besides, we can also make friends among the people who work with us in the community.
F. A proverb says “One man is not good enough to live alone in the world.”
G. The benefits of friendship are boundless and sometimes invisible.

收藏 纠错 题号:8686770 题型:完形填空 日期:2018-07-13 试题难度:中等 组卷:2次

来源:江西赣州一中2017-2018学年高一下学期期末考试英语试卷

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
    I will have a holiday next week and I can’t decide what to do. I have a lot of work to do    1    and this would be a good chance     2    . But I don’t like   3   the holiday in such a way.I can work at home all the rest of the year.
     Last year I went    4    to the mountains.     5     there was beautiful, but it is too cold this time of a year. And it’s really    6    far to go for a short holiday. I decide    7    this isn’t a good time to    8    the mountains.But  I    9    to go somewhere else.Perhaps this would be a good chance to go to the beach(海滨).I like to go for walks   10   the seashore    11   the warm sunshine and watch the water. It’s only eight miles away and I could get there    12    about two hours. After thinking it    13    ,I am sure that this is a   14    time for the seashore than   15    .
    Oh, here is a    16    from Jim. He    17    he is going to his house in the mountains for the   18    ,and he   19    me to go with him.    20   giving it some more thought, I wrote back to Jim and thanked him for that.
1.A.at home    B.at house    C.in school    D.in factory
2.A.do it    B.doing that    C.to do it    D.with that
3.A.to take    B.to spend    C.having    D.asking
4.A.the north    B.for north    C.north    D.to north
5.A.Nothing    B.Everything    C.Somebody    D.Anything
6.A.very    B.enough    C.rather    D.too
7.A.that    B.what    C.whether    D.when
8.A.go    B.go to    C.go for    D.leave
9.A.want    B.wanted    C.shall want    D.was wanting
10.A.on    B.by    C.beside    D.along
11.A.on    B.during    C.in    D.under
12.A.in    B.for    C.with    D.after
13.A.about    B.of    C.over    D.on
14.A.good    B.fine    C.better    D.best
15.A.home    B.the mountains    C.big cities    D.country villages
16.A.gift    B.call    C.letter    D.notice
17.A.says    B.tells    C.speaks    D.talks
18.A.weekend    B.holiday    C.Sunday    D.trip
19.A.want    B.wish    C.hopes    D.asks
20.A.When    B.With    C.Without    D.As

收藏 纠错 题号:8686782 题型:语法填空 日期:2018-07-13 试题难度:中等 组卷:3次

来源:江西赣州一中2017-2018学年高一下学期期末考试英语试卷

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
    Findings suggest that playing with smartphones before sleep ①(be )positively associated  with insomnia(失眠症). Recent②(study) show that nearly 24 percent of Chinese people suffer from insomnia and ③number of young people affected is rising. And more than 60 percent of people born after 1990,the group that are most likely ④(use) their smartphones just before sleep, do not sleep well.
    Bedtime mobile phone use is an unhealthy sleep habit because ⑤can delay falling asleep and reduce sleep quality. According to the research, nearly three-quarters of the young people fall asleep each night with their phones ⑥reach. About 60 percent of them use their smartphones for up to 80 minutes before sleep. And 54.7 percent of the people aged between 18 and 25 go to bed ⑦(late) than 12 am.
    Good sleep is helpful in protecting the brain’s neurons(神经元)and lack of sleep for long periods can ⑧(danger) health. Therefore, all people, including the young, ⑨(advise) to avoid using electronic devices one hour before sleep and go to bed at fixed times. But it is ⑩(benefit) to sleep if people listen to soft music and read books before going to bed.

收藏 纠错 题号:8686808 题型:短文改错 日期:2018-07-13 试题难度:中等 组卷:2次

来源:江西赣州一中2017-2018学年高一下学期期末考试英语试卷

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:
1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
Dear Jim,
    I'd like to tell you something more about our school sports meet. It was holding on Oct. 6, which was a fine day. There were over1,000 students and teachers attend it. Wang Lin, a student from my class won the 100-metre race. He finish the race in 12.6 seconds and broke in the records. The sports meet was really success. That was because we were all trying to do my best. Although I was not one of the winner, I was proud of that we had done.I am looking forward to receive your letter.

Yours,

Li Ping

收藏 纠错 题号:8476005 题型:书面表达 日期:2018-07-13 试题难度:中等 组卷:36次 引用:5次

来源:江西赣州一中2017-2018学年高一下学期期末考试英语试卷

假如你是李华,你的朋友Tom原计划暑假来你所在的城市旅游,为此你提前为他在一家酒店预定了一个房间,但他来电说因故要推迟一周。请给美籍酒店负责人写一封电子邮件,
内容包括:
1.表示歉意;
2.说明情况;
3.改订日期。
注意:
1. 词数100左右;
2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
3.开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。
Dear Sir or Madam,
    I booked a room in your hotel for my friend Tom yesterday.
_____________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________
Yours sincerely,
Li Hua
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