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黑龙江省大庆铁人中学2018-2019学年高一上学期期末考试英语试卷

  • 黑龙江
  • 2019-01-11
  • 高一年级
  • 期末考试
  • 91次

收藏 纠错 题号:8920583 题型:听力题 日期:2019-01-11 试题难度:中等 组卷:6次 听力下载

每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. What will James do tomorrow?
A. Watch a TV program.
B. Give a talk.
C. Write a report.
2. What can we say about the woman?
A. She’s generous.
B. She’s curious.
C. She’s helpful.
3. When does the train leave?
A. At 6:30.
B. At 8:30.
C. At 10:30.
4. How does the woman go to work?
A. By car.
B. On foot.
C. By bike.
5. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
A. Classmates.
B. Teacher and student.
C. Doctor and patient.
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. What does the woman regret?
A. Giving up her research.
B. Dropping out of college.
C. Changing her major.
7. What is the woman interested in studying now?
A. Ecology.
B. Education.
C. Chemistry.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8. What is the man?
A. A hotel manager.
B. A tour guide
C. A taxi driver.
9. What is the man doing for the woman?
A. Looking for some local foods.
B. Showing her around the seaside.
C. Offering information about a hotel.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. Where does the conversation probably take place?
A. In an office.
B. At home.
C. At a restaurant.
11. What will the speakers do tomorrow evening?
A. Go to a concert.
B. Visit a friend.
C. Work extra hours.
12. Who is Alice going to call?
A. Mike.
B. Joan.
C. Catherine.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. Why does the woman meet the man?
A. To look at an apartment.
B. To deliver some furniture.
C. To have a meal together.
14. What does the woman like about the carpet?
A. Its color.
B. Its design.
C. Its quality.
15. What does the man say about the kitchen?
A. It’s a good size.
B. It’s newly painted.
C. It’s adequately equipped.
16. What will the woman most probably do next?
A. Go downtown.
B. Talk with her friend.
C. Make payment.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. Who is the speaker probably talking to?
A. Movie fans.
B. News reporters.
C. College students.
18. When did the speaker take English classes?
A. Before he left his hometown,
B. After he came to America.
C. When he was 15 years old.
19. How does the speaker mainly talk about?
A. He’s proud.
B. He’s sympathetic.
C. He’s grateful.
20. What does the speaker mainly talk about?
A. How education shaped his life.
B. How his language skills improved.
C. How he managed his business well.

收藏 纠错 题号:8920593 题型:阅读理解 日期:2019-01-11 试题难度:中等 组卷:7次

Belgium is the land of music festivals. There are rock, pop, world, electronic music festivals and more, so you’re sure to find a festival that suits your taste.
Groezrock
Groezrock could be considered the opener of the festival season in Belgium. This festival grew from a small event to an international festival that had 33,000 visitors in 2016.If you’re into the harder thing, this is where you need to go.
When? April 29-30, 2017. Where? Meerhout. Music? Punk, and rock are what it contains. Free? No.
Sfinks Mixed
Sfinks is a world music festival working on bringing culture together. There are also plenty of things to do besides watching the performances(表演). Good to know for families: Sfinks is a kid-friendly festival, with workshops, storytelling and shows aimed at children.
When? July 27-30, 2017. Where? Boechout. Music? World. Free? The festival rather than the camping is free.
Graspop Metal Meeting
If Groezrock doesn’t seem wild enough to you, Graspop Metal Meeting might. As the name says, this festival is all about metal, rock and punk. In 2016 the festival received 140,000 visitors coming to watch the more than 100 bands performing.
When? June 16-18, 2017. Where? Dessel. Music? Metal. Free? No.
Genk on Stage
Genk on Stage is a pop musical with not only a lot of Belgian artists. 80,000 people attended Genk on Stage in 2016.
When? June 23-25, 2017. Where? Genk. Music? Pop. Free? Yes.
1.Which may start the festival season in Belgium?
A.Groezrock.
B.Sfinks Mixed.
C.Graspop Metal Meeting.
D.Genk on Stage.
2.What do we know about Sfinks Mixed?
A.It enjoys worldwide popularity.
B.It's mainly intended for kids.
C.It mixed fun with culture.
D.The camping there is free.
3.Where are crazy metal music enthusiasts’ most likely to go?
A.Meerhout.
B.Boechout.
C.Dessel.
D.Genk

收藏 纠错 题号:8920606 题型:阅读理解 日期:2019-01-11 试题难度:中等 组卷:9次

How many times have we expressed how rude young people are for texting while having a conversation? They try to fix eyes on their smartphone screen while nodding. What goes through your mind is “how rude they are!”
Have we forgotten some of the old school manners that our parents, grandparents, and teachers taught us – manners that have nothing to do with a mobile device or iPad, but everything to do with long-forgotten Golden Rules we were raised with?
When I was growing up, there was etiquette(礼仪) to coughing. When coughing, we were told to turn our head away and block off our mouth. This might sound amusing to many young people. But if we didn’t follow these etiquettes, we would get a quick reminder(提醒) to the back of our head. When we were given something, and forgot to say “thank you”, elders would seriously remind us, “aren’t you forgetting to say something”, which was immediately followed by a “thank you”.
Maybe technology has affected our brains so much that we can never go back to those golden days we like. It seems as if we have thrown out manners and etiquette with the bathwater. Simple etiquette is missing in society. A thank-you-note for a gift you have received all fall into the same box of manners. People are just cold these days because we are on the run every day in the world.
In the work environment have you ever come across a sign: “Your mother doesn’t work here, clean up by yourself”? We often hear people say, the younger generation have no manners. I think people in general irrespective(无关的)of age have lost their manners. We’ve allowed bad manners to go unchecked. We simply stand bad behavior.
In a world of more good manners, less closing of doors in our faces, more space given, and more “thank you” or “please” exchanged, our younger generation will have an improved quality of life.
1.What is the purpose of the first paragraph?
A.To point out young people's bad manners.
B.To introduce the main topics of the text.
C.To stress the importance of cell phone.
D.To explain the effect of cell phones on people.
2.In the passage, Golden Rules refer to_______.
A.modern family manners
B.rules observed at school
C.rules everyone has to follow
D.etiquette started by older generation
3.Based on the passage, when one person coughs, blocking off his mouth, __________.
A.the younger person will feel it necessary
B.the younger person will feel it funny
C.the older people will think little of him
D.the older people will teach him a lesson
4.According to the author, young people have no manners mainly because of ______________.
A.the parents and teachers' improper act and attitude
B.the fast developed technology
C.the people's attitude towards running away
D.the busy lifestyles people have

收藏 纠错 题号:8920620 题型:阅读理解 日期:2019-01-11 试题难度:中等 组卷:7次

Car companies such as Tesla and Nissan have been leading the way in electric car technology. What makes these car “green” is that because they run on electricity instead of gas, they do not give off any polluting greenhouse gases. The Toyota Mirai is also a kind of green car, since it is powered by a hydrogen fuel battery(氢燃料电池)    .
Hydrogen, as you know, exists in large quantities on the earth. It was used to power gaslights for centuries before electric lights came along. Hydrogen fuel can be made from many sources including water, natural gas and even rubbish. As for energy contained, 9.5kg of hydrogen is similar to 25kg of gas. According to Toyota, the two tanks on the Mirai hold 5kg of hydrogen, and can cover a distance of over 300 miles. This is twice the output of gas cars.
In a hydrogen fuel battery, the one proton (质子)and one electron in a hydrogen atom(原子) are broken up. While the electrons power the car, the hydrogen protons work with the oxygen atom to produce water. At the same time, it also produces a lot of heat which turns this water into water vapor. This is the reason why cars running on hydrogen fuel batteries give off water vapor from their exhaust pipes when running.
According to Toyota, it takes only 5 minutes to refill a hydrogen tank, which is much quicker than charging(充电)electric cars. However, the biggest difficulty for the company is the availability of hydrogen-charging stations. California and the New England states are in the process of building a hydrogen superhighway -- with charging stations along the way. Countries like Germany, Japan and UK are also adding more charging stations.
The Toyota Mirai will be available in the U.S. in the second half of 2015 for $ 58,000. This hydrogen-fueled car will probably take the place of gas cars in the near future. After all, it is an energy-saving and environment-friendly car.
1.According to the text, nowadays hydrogen _________.
A.is mostly used as a fuel for cars and gaslights
B.is a newly-discovered energy source
C.provides more energy than the same amount of gas
D.will soon become the main fuel for most of Toyota's cars
2.The third paragraph is mainly about __________.
A.water vapor and weather
B.how the Toyota Mirai works
C.different kinds of batteries
D.why hydrogen is very popular
3.What can we learn about the Toyota Mirai?
A.It runs on both gas and hydrogen.
B.It will soon take place of electric cars.
C.It may sell well with more charging stations around.
D.It gives off only a few polluting greenhouse gases.
4.The underlined word in paragraph 4 can be replaced by ________?
A.usage
B.instruction
C.expansion
D.composition

收藏 纠错 题号:8920630 题型:阅读理解 日期:2019-01-11 试题难度:中等 组卷:9次

When it comes to making healthy lifestyle changes, which should come first – changing your diet or becoming more physically active?
Previous studies suggested that providing people with too much information about nutrition(营养) and physical activity at once tends to be discouraging. That has led to the popularity of advising people to make changes gradually, and set smaller goals.
So the scientists divided 200 inactive participants who were 45 or older into four groups. One group was instructed in making diet and exercise changes at the same time; the second group was taught about diet changes followed by exercise changes four months later; the third group changed their exercise habits first and made changes in their eating habits four months later; and the final control group was not instructed in either diet or exercise changes but in how to manage their stress.
The researchers tracked the groups for a full year. Compared to the control group, the three intervention(干预)groups made healthy changes in their diet. Those who changed their exercise habits first significantly increased the amount of exercise they received daily compared to the other groups after four months. However, at the end of the year, the group that changed both diet and exercise at the same time was the only one that met the national goals for both exercise and nutrition levels, while those who worked on improving their nutrition first were unable to meet the levels of fitness after a year. The researchers think that changes to diet are easier to make than changes to physical activity.
The findings show, however, that pairing(使成对) diet and exercise changes may help to overcome some of the difficulty people face in adding more physical activity into their lives. If people change diet first and then exercise, the scientists say, they may end up placing more importance on the first set of behavior changes and feel less active to go on the second set.
1.How is paragraph 3 developed?
A.By giving examples.
B.By providing statistics.
C.By showing causes and effects.
D.By making classifications.
2.Which group was the most physically active after four months?
A.The first group.
B.The second group.
C.The third group.
D.The final group.
3.What might the scientists agree with?
A.Changing eating habits first may be reasonable.
B.Diet and exercise changes should be done at the same time.
C.Diet and exercise changes are hard to make.
D.Diet and exercise changes should be made orderly.
4.Which of the following is probably the title of the passage?
A.Timing Matters in Making Diet and Exercise Changes
B.Ways to Lead a Healthy and Balanced Life
C.Making Healthy Lifestyle Changes Really matters
D.Changing Your Habits for Better Health

收藏 纠错 题号:8920643 题型:七选五 日期:2019-01-11 试题难度:中等 组卷:8次

If you’re a first-time language learner, you know that emotional ups and downs is a normal situation. When you understand a concept or begin to comprehend the language, you may experience feelings of excitement. However, those are often followed by moments of disappointment and discouragement, during which you might feel as if you will never master the concepts and achieve the ability to understand and communicate effectively. ①
Learn vocabulary effectively
Vocabulary is the most important part of communication. The more words you know, the more you can say and understand. The absolute best way to learn vocabulary is through the use of flash cards that you make yourself. Buy a set of 3*5 index cards(索引卡片)and cut them in half. ② If you want to learn more information about the word, e.g. plural forms of nouns and principle parts of verbs, you can add these to the cards.
Research shows that language students learn more effectively and acquire more when they study frequently and for shorter periods of time than if they study infrequently for extended periods of time. ④ This means, doing a few homework exercises each day rather than doing all homework the night before they are due.
Practice language actively
 Say vocabulary words out loud, read messages in the text aloud, do pronunciation activities orally and not just mentally. Write out the answers to activities rather than gliding through them in your mind. Read aloud entire sentences in an activity rather than just reading a fill-in response. Turning language from your mind to your mouth is a skill that requires a great deal of practice.
A. Break study time into smaller periods.
B. Then use flash cards as a learning tool.
C. Try to study each day, and several times a day.
D. The time-tested approaches are effective in your learning.
E.  Write a word on the front and its English definition on the back.
F.  Whenever possible, speak the language aloud rather than reciting silently to yourself.
G.  Below are some approaches that will relieve your potential difficulty and help you succeed in language learning.
 

收藏 纠错 题号:8920670 题型:完形填空 日期:2019-01-11 试题难度:中等 组卷:10次

A man was driving when he found Laura Vanderkam who was trapped needed help, so he stopped. While he was approaching her, she was awfully     1     as nobody had stopped for hours. In addition, he did not look safe as a result of his horrible and     2     appearance. The man tried to     3     her down immediately he got closer to her, “My name is Bryan Anderson. I’m here to offer my help. Is there anything I can do for you?” “My car broke down,” said Laura. 
He crawled(爬)     4     the car to repair it. With the job done, Laura asked how much she     5     him for his help. Bryan smiled, “If you really want to pay me     6    , the next time you see someone in need, think of me and offer that person the needed     7     .”
Several years later in a small     8    Laura saw a pregnant woman who seemed ready to give birth to a child serving her. The woman gave her a friendly smile although she appeared definitely    9    after spending the whole day on her feet. Then Bryan     10    Laura’s mind.
Laura paid for her meal with a $ 100 bill. When the woman got     11     and came back, Laura was gone with a note left on the napkin    12     , “You owe me     13    Somebody once helped me out of trouble,      14     like now I’m helping you. If you indeed want to pay me back, do not let this     15     of love end.” Then, the pregnant woman found four more $100 bills under the napkin.
That night the woman came home earlier,      16     how the lady could know how much she and her husband needed money when the     17    would soon arrive. She knew her husband worried about that, so she was very     18    to share with him the news. Then she kissed him and whispered, “Now nothing will     19    us. I love you, Bryan Anderson.”
The help you give to others shall always get back to you, so don’t     20     to give a helping hand whenever someone needs help.
1.A.delighted    B.anxious    C.embarrassed    D.amazed
2.A.frightening    B.puzzling    C.amusing    D.disappointing
3.A.encourage    B.save    C.lay    D.settle
4.A.on    B.into    C.under    D.out of
5.A.appreciated    B.charged    C.respected    D.owed
6.A.back    B.off    C.for    D.up
7.A.money    B.assistance    C.fortune    D.reaction
8.A.hospital    B.supermarket    C.grocery store    D.café
9.A.excited    B.exhausted    C.fit    D.annoyed
10.A.came up with    B.met with    C.came into    D.mixed up
11.A.order    B.tip    C.change    D.service
12.A.writing    B.speaking    C.reading    D.exchanging
13.A.everything    B.anything    C.something    D.nothing
14.A.never    B.still    C.even    D.just
15.A.passing    B.contact    C.relationship    D.period
16.A.imagining    B.questioning    C.discovering    D.wondering
17.A.trouble    B.baby    C.customer    D.bill
18.A.proud    B.unwilling    C.glad    D.addicted
19.A.bother    B.relax    C.abandon    D.instruct
20.A.mind    B.intend    C.mean    D.hesitate

收藏 纠错 题号:8920684 题型:语法填空 日期:2019-01-11 试题难度:中等 组卷:9次

Shanghai’s ①(forget) attractions greet you with shiny lights and the ②(impress) that you‘re in the future. Shanghai is the home of Shanghai Tower recognized③ the 2nd tallest skyscraper(摩天大楼), and its architecture will keep you ④(amaze). The city is full of culture that I was lucky enough to explore. Art galleries and shops elegantly fill the streets such as Tianzifang, 50 Moganshan Road and 1933 Shanghai. My adventures ⑤(be) from rooftop hopping, shopping, people watching, to getting lost among the culture shock of modern society and Chinese history. One of my favorite parts of Shanghai was learning about the food. A good way ⑥gaining knowledge of the cooking tips is to take a guide ⑦(know) the city best. My local guide taught us ⑧to eat the local food xiaolongbao. He told us to take ⑨small bite of the dumpling to suck out the soup, and then enjoy the whole dumpling. This kind of local knowledge I ⑩(provide) with just was the incredible cultural experience in Shanghai.

收藏 纠错 题号:8920708 题型:短文改错 日期:2019-01-11 试题难度:中等 组卷:10次

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。没处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
      2. 只允许修改10出,多者(从第11处起)不计分
When a student told Katie that he wants a bike but couldn’t afford to buy it, she decided to make his dream come true. And she even took the whole school into consideration. At the school that she worked, a lot students were poor. But Katie thought own their own bikes would make wonderfully memories for every child. To earn money for hundreds of new bike, Katie started a online page, and finally collected enough money to pay for them. Katie was astonished the kids by informing them of the gifts over a loudspeaker at school. “Joy is the basic childhood right,” she said. “A bike is one of the top things that shows that.

收藏 纠错 题号:8920723 题型:书面表达 日期:2019-01-11 试题难度:中等 组卷:7次

你的美国笔友Jack要作为交换生来中国一所高中学习,他特意写信咨询你关于中国高中的情况。请你写一封回信,要求涵盖以下要点:
1. 表示乐意解答;
2. 师生关系;
3.教学形式(教师讲解,学生记录)。
要求:
1.120字左右。
2.不能出现真实姓名和地点。
3.可适当增加内容使行文连贯。
 Dear Jack,
How are you doing?
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                  
Looking forward to your reply.
Yours
Li Hua
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